Indonesia generated enough electricity from geothermal resources last year to power over 2.5 million homes. It is home to around 40 per cent of these resources. The Cop28 climate conference in Dubai for decarbonisation is putting the spotlight back on energy derived from sources such as geothermal resources. The best sites to harness this energy are where tectonic plates meet, such as in the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Java.
There are several challenges facing Indonesia regarding the production of geothermal energy, including:
- The costs of drilling
- The technology used for production
- Insufficient government support
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